Hearts For Teaching

TPRS ®       

                        One of the hardest things in life is to                                  have words in the heart that you can't                                utter.

                                                             James Earl Jones            

Welcome to the TPRS® page! 

I hope that you find what you need to know in the questions and answers below.  If not, please contact us and we would be happy to get more information to you! (Scroll down to find TPRS®-related links)

What is TPRS ®?
® , or Teaching Proficiency through Reading and Storytelling ® , is an approach to language teaching based on second language acquisition research by Dr. Stephen Krashen.  TPRS ® was originally conceived of by Blaine Ray, and further developed by Joe Neilsen, Susie Gross and others.   TPRS ® has grown ,in depth and in use, over the last decade.  Thousands of teachers across the globe are now using this approach to instruct their students with joy and success.

These same teachers, sharing their ideas and successes, are part of a learning community that continually examines the language-learning process.  Therefore,
TPRS ® is an approach which continues to evolve.  Many TPRS ® teachers are involved in research studies and other projects.  We are continually trying to improve instruction!

®  classes are centered around activities which provide students with Comprehensible Input.  In other words, everything that the students see and hear in the target language is made immediately comprehensible.  There are no guessing games.   Output activities (speaking and writing) are still an important part of the curriculum, but are not the primary focus.  As much class time as possible is devoted to the three steps of TPRS ® so that students receive the  maximum amount of comprehensible input.

What are the three steps?
Instruction via TPRS ® involves these three steps:

Step 1: Introduce vocabulary within a frequently- used structure and make sure that it is clearly understood by all students.

Step 2:  Interact with students via a storyline using the focus vocabulary and structures.

Step 3:  Integrate reading activities that use the focus vocabulary and structures.

Many of the language-building activities that teachers already use successfully in their classrooms are, or can be adapted to be, compatible with these three steps.   The key is to incorporate as much comprehensible input as possible!!






Do I have to have a certain "teaching personality" to be able to use TPRS® with my students?

No, not at all!  Your "teaching personality" is who you are.  There are many ways to utilize the three steps in your classroom.  You choose activities that best mesh with your teaching style.











Is TPRS® an effective approach for any age group?

® is used by teachers at all age levels and at all levels of instruction.  Each teacher adapts the three steps specifically for the success of his or her own students.
















Can I have the opportunity to be a student in a TPRS® class?

Absolutely!!  The best way to learn about the approach is to have the chance to experience it as a student.  Most workshops (including ours) will give you the chance to be a student and learn a language that you are unfamiliar with.  It is an eye-opening (and heart-opening!) opportunity.

Can I utilize the TPRS® approach and still be in line with the textbook required by my district?

Many teachers do this.  A number of textbook programs have a TPRS® supplement that was written by an experienced TPRS® teacher.  Other teachers adapt their district curriculum requirements themselves.  Whichever way you choose, it can be done.

Are there good materials already available, or do I have to create my own?

There is a wealth of materials available!  Check the sites below for information and sample pages.   Don't be afraid to try creating some things of your own though.  Your students will love it!

I have tried to use TPRS® but I don't feel very comfortable with it.  How can I polish my skills and increase my confidence?

The best way to learn how to use the steps and to develop helpful skills is to go to workshops and to be coached.  Using what you have learned in the classroom is your key to feeling more comfortable!!  Most language teachers have a bit of a perfectionist in them.  Do not let that get in your way!   You don't have to be "good" for TPRS to be incredibly powerful.  You just have to be willing to try.

How can I learn more about TPRS?






The best way to learn about
TPRS ® is to attend a workshop.  Many TPRS ® teachers go to workshops every year (or more often!).  There are workshops for beginners and for teachers who are more experienced with the approach.

If you are looking for the chance to practice, then look for a workshop with coaching.  There a coach will give you one-on-one feedback. 

Every July for the last nine years, there has been a National TPRS
® conference.    It is the BEST way to learn about and to get better at  TPRS® .
You can find information about the National Conference here:

TPRS® National Conference

Feel free to contact us about a TPRS ® workshop.  We can help you find one to attend or help you to organize one for your area. 

Click here to find our about our workshops.

Below you will find a long list of other
TPRS ® presenters and their websites.   Each of them has a great deal of information and possibilities for you!!  If you are unable to get to a workshop right now, there is a great deal of information available to you.  Keep on reading!

I would like to observe or network with a TPRS
® teacher in my area.  How do I do that?

The TPRS® community is very supportive!  One way to get in touch with teachers who are using
TPRS ® is to join either of the listserves below:


Yahoo Groups moretprs

You can find also teachers using
TPRS ®, including those willing to be mentors, here:


Where can I find adult language classes that utilize TPRS®?

For classes in Spanish check with Fluency Fast, TPRS Publishing, and TPRS of NJ.  Fluency Fast also offers classes in other languages, but not as frequently.

Are there books available about  TPRS ®?

If you enjoy having a book to refer to, check out these books about TPRS®:

Fluency through TPRStorytelling ® by Blaine Ray

® in a Year! by Ben Slavic

Links to TPRS ® presenters and TPRS ® -related websitesHere you will find articles, blogs, worksheets, products for your classroom and much much more!

Amy Catania
Good Teaching Stuff


Ben Slavic

Blaine Ray

Carol Gaab
TPRS Publishing Inc.

Carmen Andrews-Sanchez

Jalen Waltman

Janet Holter-Kittock


Jason Fritze

Karen Rowan
Fluency Fast


Michael Miller

Piedad Gutierrez


Scott Benedict


Susan Gross


TPR Storytelling® is a registered trademark of Blaine Ray Workshops, Inc.